There is no doubt that the ways in which people can see or use maps have changed tremendously as time passes. People can nowadays simply visit the internet or use an especially designed device to lead them to the place they want to go. But maps were not always like this and people really had to find their own printed road maps and street maps which would show them their way. Here one can read more about the science that is preoccupied with studying and making maps, cartography. Turning back to the origins may help individuals understand better how maps came to existence and what they actually meant for humanity.
Cartography is a science that combines aesthetics and techniques to communicate spatial information in an effective manner. Cartography, on principle, relies on the premise that reality could be modeled in manners that could be useful for individuals, in different circumstances. Traditional cartography is defined by five main factors. Firstly, it is aimed at setting the map’s agenda and chooses the specific traits that are meant to be mapped, a process that is referred to as map editing. Then, cartographers will resume mapping projection which means representing the actual terrain on flat media. Thirdly, only the characteristics that are relevant for a certain map are selected and included in the map while the rest are removed, which implies the process of generalization. Fourthly, the complexity of the chosen characteristics needs to be reduced. Finally, cartographers will actually design the map by assembling and orchestrating the elements of the map in manners that transmit its information to the public.
Cartography remains one of the most popular areas in geography, but its awareness has significantly increase with the emergence of modern maps. Electronic maps and interactive maps render traditional cartography too simple and too cumbersome in an era where everything happens on the computer or on some kind of electronic device.